WATER CLEANING FROM RESIDUES OF MEDICINAL PREPARATIONS

L. F. Dolina, O. P. Savina

Abstract


Purpose. The paper aimed at analyzing the presence of residual quantities of medicinal preparations in the water of Ukraine and the world. Based on the world and own experience to propose methods for waters cleaning from medicines. Methodology. The research was carried out on the basis of analysis of scientific sources and reporting data on the availability of medicines in the water of Ukraine, European countries, the USA (1999-2017). Findings. Analyzed sources inform that the main environmental threat of a global scale is the presence of medicines in drinking water. The treatment facilities are not suitable for the detection and decomposition of medicinal preparations. The fight against these substances is not envisaged all over the world. The authors present the results of a comprehensive review of issues related to the determination of the medicines availability in various waters, their concentrations and the most dangerous medicinal preparations - toxicants. Medications can be accumulated not only in the body of humans and animals, but also in marine and river fish, etc. The impact of even trace amounts of certain medicines (drugs, hormones) can have a negative effect on the health of more vulnerable segments of population, such as children. It was found that the main culprit of hormonal water pollution is agriculture, namely animal husbandry. Originality. The paper summarizes available and presents new methods and technologies for water cleaning, such as: electrochemical, membrane, adsorption based on activated carbon, ultrasonic treatment in the presence of catalysts, treatment of water with enzymes and persulfates. As the second way to reduce the number of medicines in the water, it is proposed to produce environmentally friendly medicines. Practical value. Water problems are the main ones all over the world and in Ukraine as well. It is necessary to provide the additional financing to solve the problem of water cleaning from medicines not on a residual principle, but considering that water is the basis of life on the Earth, and in general the health and life of mankind depends on the quality of water.


Keywords


water pollution with medicinal preparations; basic medications-pollutants; methods of water cleaning from medicines

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/stp2018/134675

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