DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/stp2018/154819

SIMUALTION MODEL FOR EVALUATING THE CARRYING CAPACITY OF RAILWAYS

V. І. Bobrovskyi, R. G. Korobyova, V. О. Balanov

Abstract


Purpose. The main purpose of the article is to improve the simulation model of railway direction to evaluate the use of carrying capacity by separate trains. Methodology. The paper deals with the evaluation of the carrying capa-city of railways used at the railways of Ukraine, the European Union, and the USA. It is noted that the reform of the railway transportation market will cause an increase in the quality requirements for the evaluation of the carrying capacity used by trains of various carriers. As the main method for evaluating the carrying capacity in the work, the methods of traction calculations, the organization of movement at railway transport and simulation modeling were used. Findings. The authors developed a simulation model of the railway direction, which reflects both the structure and the interaction of its individual elements. The model includes train model, model of railway infrastructure, mo-del of traffic management, information model. Simulation of the direction functioning is carried out by stages. At the first stage, the movement simulation of single trains is performed. At the second stage, occupation coordination of the railway infrastructure of stations and runs by trains is carried out. Departure of trains to the run is carried out with the possibility of ensuring the permissible intervals between the data, as well as the previous and subsequent trains, the developed model is implemented in the form of the «Traffic Schedule» program. Originality of the work lies in the fact that it proposes an improved simulation model of the railway direction, which reflects the process of trains passing through the sections and railway stations and makes it possible to evaluate the influence of the carrying capacity use degree on the train movement duration. Practical value. The results obtained in this work allow us to estimate the influence of trains that run according to schedule on the conditions for passing the trains that run without schedule.


Keywords


railway transport; time-schedule; carrying capacity; simulation modeling

References


Bilenko, G. M., & Popova, Е. А. (2010). Analytical estimation of group of freight trains' coefficient by quick-running trains at various schemes of their routing on the train diagram. Science and Technology in Transport, 1, 43-51. (in Russian)

Bobrovskiy, V. I. (1999). Imitatsionnaya model razvyazki liniy v zheleznodorozhnom uzle. Collected Scientific Works of Ukrainian State University of Railway Transport, 38, 35-42. (in Russian)

Bobrovskiy, V. I. (1998). Modelyrovanye systemы upravlenyia propuskom poezdov cherez peresechenyia. Collected Scientific Works of Ukrainian State University of Railway Transport, 33, 71-79. (in Russian)

Bobrovskiy, V. I. (1999). Otsenka raskhodov na peredvizhenie poezdov v proektiruemykh razvyazkakh zheleznodorozhnykh liniy s ispolzovaniem imitatsionnogo modelirovaniya. Information and Management Systems of Railway Transport, 2, 48-51. (in Russian)

Instruktsiia z rozrakhunku naiavnoi propusknoi spromozhnosti zaliznyts Ukrainy. (2002). Kyiv: Transport Ukrainy. (in Ukrainian)

Karasev, S. V., & Koryagin, M. Y. (2018). Estimation of Train Delays on the Railway Network by Modeling on the Conditions of Stochastic Train Flow. The Siberian Transport University Bulletin, 2(45), 43-51. (in Russian)

Kozachenko, D. M., Papakhov, O. Y., & Lohvinova, N. O. (2014). Doslidzhennia koefitsiientiv ziomu v umovakh pryskorenoho ta shvydkisnoho rukhu pasazhyrskykh poizdiv. Visnyk Akademii mytnoi sluzhby Ukrainy. Seriia: Tekhnichni nauky, 2, 110-116. (in Ukrainian)

Kozachenko, D. M., Mozolevych, H. Y., & Vlasiuk, O. V. (2009). Simulation of Rail Directions Work. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport, 28, 143-148. (in Ukrainian)

Levin, D. Y. (1988). Optimizatsiya potokov poezdov. Moscow: Transport. (in Russian)

Popova, Е. A. (2009). Аnalytical estimation of group of freight trains' coefficient by slow-acting trains at their operation with overtaking. Science and Technology in Transport, 4, 47-52. (in Russian)

Prokhorchenko, A. V. (2014). Problemy rozrakhunku propusknoi spromozhnosti zaliznychnoi infrastruktury v umovakh rynkovykh vidnosyn. Information and Management Systems of Railway Transport, 4, 36-41. (in Ukrainian)

Kozachenko, D. M., Berezovyi, M. I., Balanov, V. O., & Zhuravel, V. V. (2015). Time Reserves During the Organisation of Freight Train Movement on Schedule. Science and Transport Progress, 2(56), 105-115. doi: 10.15802/stp2015/42170 (in Russian)

Fischetti, M., Salvagnin, D., & Zanette, A. (2009). Fast Approaches to Improve the Robustness of a Railway Timetable. Transportation Science, 43(3), 321-335. doi: 10.1287/trsc.1090.0264 (in English)

Gibson, S. (2002). Developments in Transport Policy: The Evolution of Capacity Charges on the UK Rail Network. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 36(2), 341-354. (in English)

Pouryousef, H., Lautala, P., & White, T. (2015). Railroad capacity tools and methodologies in the U.S. and Europe. Journal of Modern Transportation, 23(1), 30-42. doi: 10.1007/s40534-015-0069-z (in English)

Dewilde, T., Sels, P., Cattrysse, D., & Vansteenwegen, P. (2013). Robust railway station planning: An interaction between routing, timetabling and platforming. Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management, 3(3), 68-77. doi: 10.1016/j.jrtpm.2013.11.002 (in English)

Rotoli, F., Cawood, E. N., & Soria, А. (2016). Capacity Assessment of Railway Infrastructure: Tools, Methodologies and Policy Relevance in the EU Context: JRC Technical Report. Seville. (in English)

Törnquist, J., & Persson, J. A. (2007). N-tracked railway traffic re-scheduling during disturbances. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 41(3), 342-362. doi: 10.1016/j.trb.2006.06.001 (in English)

UIC leaflet 406 R. Capacity: UIC International Union of Railways. (2013). Retrieved from http://clc.am/gqq1zw (in English)


GOST Style Citations


  1. Биленко, Г. М. Аналитическая оценка коэффициентов съема грузовых поездов «поездами-скороходами» при различных схемах прокладки на графике / Г. М. Биленко, E. A. Попова // Наука и техника транспорта. – 2010. – № 1. – С. 43–51.
  2. Бобровский, В. И. Имитационная модель развязки линий в железнодорожном узле / В. И. Бобровский // Зб. наук. пр. Укр. держ. акад. залізн. трансп. – Харкiв, 1999. – Вип. 38 : Концепцiя пiдвищення ефективностi вантажних перевезень на залiзничному транспортi. – С. 35–42.
  3. Бобровский, В. И. Моделирование системы управления пропуском поездов через пересечения / В. И. Бобровский // Зб. наук. пр. Укр. держ. акад. залізн. трансп. – Харкiв, 1998. – Вип. 33 : Концепцiя пiдвищення ефективностi вантажних перевезень на залiзничному транспортi. – С. 71–79.
  4. Бобровский, В. И. Оценка расходов на передвижение поездов в проектируемых развязках железнодорожных линий с использованием имитационного моделирования / В. И. Бобровский // Информационно-управляющие системы на железнодорожном транспорте. – 1999. – № 2. – С. 48–51.
  5. Інструкція з розрахунку наявної пропускної спроможності залізниць України : ЦД 0036. – Київ : Транспорт України, 2002. – 376 с.
  6. Карасёв, С. В. Оценка задержек поездов на железнодорожной сети методом моделирования в условиях случайного образования заявок на перевозку / С. В. Карасёв, М. Е. Корягин // Вестн. Сибир. гос. ун-та путей сообщения. – 2018. – № 2 (45). – C. 43–51.
  7. Козаченко, Д. М. Дослідження коефіцієнтів зйому в умовах прискореного та швидкісного руху пасажирських поїздів / Д. М. Козаченко, О. Ю. Папахов, Н. О. Логвінова // Вісник Академії митної служби України. Серія: Технічні науки. – 2014. – № 2. – С. 110–116.
  8. Козаченко, Д. М. Моделювання роботи залізничного напрямку / Д. М. Козаченко, Г. Я. Мозолевич, О. В. Власюк // Вісн. Дніпропетр. нац. ун-ту залізн. трансп. ім. акад. В. Лазаряна. – Дніпропетровськ, 2009. – Вип. 28. – C. 144–148.
  9. Левин, Д. Ю. Оптимизация потоков поездов / Д. Ю. Левин. – Москва : Транспорт, 1988. – 175 с.
  10. Попова, Е. А. Аналитическая оценка коэффициентов съема грузовых поездов «поездами-тихоходами» при их прокладке с обгонами / Е. А. Попова // Наука и техника транспорта. – 2009. – № 4. – С. 47–52.
  11. Прохорченко, А. В. Проблеми розрахунку пропускної спроможності залізничної інфраструктури в умовах ринкових відносин / А. В. Прохорченко // Інформаційно-керуючі системи на залізничному транспорті. – 2014. – № 4. – С. 36–41.
  12. Резервы времени при организации движения грузовых поездов по расписанию / Д. Н. Козаченко, Н. И. Березовый, В. О. Баланов, B. В. Журавель // Наука та прогрес транспорту. – 2015. – № 2 (56). – С. 105–115. doi: 10.15802/stp2015/42170
  13. Fischetti, M. Fast Approaches to Improve the Robustness of a Railway Timetable / M. Fischetti, D. Salvagnin, A. Zanette // Transportation Science. – 2009. – Vol. 43. – Iss. 3. – P. 321–335.
    doi: 10.1287/trsc.1090.0264
  14. Gibson, S. Developments in Transport Policy: The Evolution of Capacity Charges on the UK Rail Network / S. Gibson, G. Cooper, B. Ball // Journal of Transport Economics and Policy. – 2002. – Vol. 36. – No. 2. – Р. 341–354.
  15. Pouryousef, H. Railroad capacity tools and methodologies in the U.S. and Europe / H. Pouryousef, P. Lautala, T. White // Journal of Modern Transportation. – 2015. – Vol. 23. – Iss. 1. – P. 30–42. doi: 10.1007/s40534-015-0069-z
  16. Robust railway station planning: An interaction between routing, timetabling and platforming / T. Dewilde, P. Sels, D. Cattrysse, P. Vansteenwegen // Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management. – 2013. – Vol. 3. – Iss. 3. – P. 68–77. doi: 10.1016/j.jrtpm.2013.11.002
  17. Rotoli, F. Capacity Assessment of Railway Infrastructure: Tools, Methodologies and Policy Relevance in the EU Context : JRC Technical Report / F. Rotoli, E. N. Cawood, A. Soria ; European Commission. – Seville, 2016. – 62 р.
  18. Törnquist, J. N-tracked railway traffic re-scheduling during disturbances / J. Törnquist, J. A. Persson // Transportation Research. Part B: Methodological. – 2007. – Vol. 41. – Iss. 3. – P. 342–362. doi: 10.1016/j.trb.2006.06.001
  19. UIC leaflet 406 R. Capacity [Электронный ресурс] / UIC International Union of Railways. – 2e éd. – [s. l.], 2013. – 56 p. – Режим доступа: http://clc.am/gqq1zw – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено: 09.01.2019.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

ISSN 2307–3489 (Print)
ІSSN 2307–6666 (Online)