DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/stp2019/159608

THE ROLE OF OPERATING SYSTEM UPGRADE IN OPTIMIZING THE OPERATION OF THE RAILWAY STATION

O. A. Hodoskina, Y. V. Matyushkova

Abstract


Purpose. This article aimed at increasing the efficiency of the Gomel station by introducing an automated system for the commercial inspection of trains and cars (ASCI TC), as well as, developing the options for optimizing the operation of a railway station as a whole. Methodology. In the course of the study, the methods of scientific search, statistical analysis, synthesis, and elements of the theory of system modelling were used to study the hierarchical structures that arise in determining causal relationships in identifying adverse factors of the station. Findings. The key role of the marshalling yards in operational work is explained by the fact that they perform the main work in composition and breaking-up of trains, on which the required fleet of cars for performing a given volume of traffic, the speed of delivery of cargo shipments largely depends. Therefore, the work of the marshalling yards has a significant impact on the expenditures of railways, the quality of transport services, on meeting the demand for transportation and industry revenues. Consequently, increasing the efficiency of the marshalling plants contributes to the achievement of optimal operational and economic indicators for the industry as a whole. In the course of the study, authors considered the ways to optimize the station's work, determined the innovative ways to improve the technological process of the sorting station as a whole, identified the practical significance of updating the existing operating system for the station, its feasibility and efficiency, and calculated the logistical effect of the ASCI TC implementation through a detailed study of its operation, identifying its advantages and disadvantages. Originality. Based on the study of methodical sources and scientific developments in the field of technological features and improvement of the work of freight stations, the main directions for optimizing the operation of the Gomel marshalling yard are identified at the methodological level, which are the most promising measures. The reasons affecting the idle time of cars at the marshalling yard were identified and structured, as well as appropriate organizational measures were formed to reduce downtime. Practical value. Conducted analytical research and proposed solutions of identified problems will improve the technology and increase the quality of commercial inspection, create safe working conditions and improve the occupational safety of train pickers, and will also contribute to increasing the efficiency of the railway station under inspection, both technologically and economically.


Keywords


station; fixed assets; operating system; commercial malfunction; optimization

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