K. I. Yashchuk, A. Y. Zhuravlev, V. I. Shcheka


Purpose. The article is aimed to study a parametric frequency generator on noncollinear magnetic fields, which performs the functions of a stabilized power source and means of protection against the effects of powerful impulse noises in the form of switching overvoltages and lightning discharges. Methodology. To carry out experimental studies, a prototype model of a parametric generator was fabricated. A number of studies were carried out to determine the optimal parameters of the pump circuits and the circuit of the device, in which the best energy characteristics and maximum output power are achieved with stable generation in the system. Findings. The authors proved the importance to develop a means of protecting signaling equipment, centralization and blocking from the effects of powerful impulse noises. The developed construction of the device completely eliminates the transformation of energy, it means the penetration of noise from the input to the output. As a result of the experimental studies, the optimal parameters of the generator circuits, which provide its best energy characteristics, were determined. Originality. The device of the parametric generator, which has energy-consuming elements in its design, has been improved, this significantly improves the energy characteristics and properties. In order to improve the reliability of automatic blocking systems, the methods for protecting railway automation equipment and telemechanics from the effects of high-power impulse noises and high levels of traction currents were further developed. Practical value. Based on the obtained results, the device under investigation can be introduced into production and used in railway automation systems to organize a stabilized secondary power source for railway automation track equipment, as well as to protect equipment from the effects of powerful impulse noises created by lightning discharges and lightning or switching overvoltages. The results of work can also be used in re-equipment of the hauls with new railway automation systems and in the preparation of design documentation for track circuits, station systems and automatic blocking systems. The results are used during the studying of the subjects: «Special Measurements at Railway Transport» and «Automatic Devices Power Supply»; the organization of scientific workshops, training courses etc.


parametric frequency generator; noncollinear magnetic fields; powerful impulse noises; protective devise; lightning discharges; lightning; stabilized power supply


Babichev, Y. Y. (2017). Elektrotekhnika, elektronika i skhemotekhnika EVM. Analiz lineynykh elektricheskikh tsepey: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie. Moscow: MISiS. (in Russian)

Bessonov, L. A. (1996). Teoreticheskie osnovy elektrotekhniki. Elektricheskie tsepi: uchebnik. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola. (in Russian)

Manakov, A. D. (2007). Kontseptsiya zashchity ustroystv zheleznodorozhnoy avtomatiki i telemekhaniki ot perenapryazheniy. Promyishlennyiy transport Urala, 9, 35-37. (in Russian)

Fedyaynova, N. I. (Ed). (2016). Parametricheskiy rezonans: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie. Tomsk: Izdatelskiy Dom Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. (in Russian)

Razgonov, A. P., & Yaschuk, K. I. (2016). Otsinka vplyvu asymetrii tiahovoho strumu na robotu perehinnykh reikovykh kil, Proceedings of the VII International Scientific and Practical Conference «Safety and Electromagnetic Compatibility on Railway Transport, S&EMC. Dnipro: Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan. (in Ukrainian)

Hasan, A. N., & Shongwe, T. (2016). Impulse Noise Detection in OFDM Communication System Using Machine Learning Ensemble Algorithms, International Joint Conference SOCO’16-CISIS’16-ICEUTE’16. Cham: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-47364-2_9 (in English)

Hickstein, D. D., Dollar, F. J., Grychtol, P., Ellis, J. L., Knut, R., Hernández-García, C., … Durfee, C. G. (2015). Non-collinear generation of angularly isolated circularly polarized high harmonics. Nature Photonics, 9(11), 743-750. doi: 10.1038/nphoton.2015.181 (in English)

Shongwe, T., Vinck, A. J. H., & Ferreira, H. C. (2015). A Study on Impulse Noise and Its Models. SAIEE Africa Research Journal, 106(3), 119-131. doi: 10.23919/saiee.2015.8531938 (in English)

Dunn, М. Н. (2011). US Patent No. 8699124. St Andrews: University Court of The University of St Andrews Filed. (in English)

Yashchuk, K. I. (2017). Potentials railwise propagation study. Science and Transport Progress, 4(70), 7-15. doi: 10.15802/stp2017/109519 (in English)

Zong, Z., Babaie, M., & Staszewski, R. B. (2016). A 60 GHz Frequency Generator Based on a 20 GHz Oscillator and an Implicit Multiplier. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 51(5), 1261-1273. doi: 10.1109/jssc.2016.2528997 (in English)

GOST Style Citations

  1. Бабичев, Ю. Е. Электротехника, электроника и схемотехника ЭВМ. Анализ линейных электрических цепей : учеб.-метод. пособие / Ю. Е. Бабичев. – Москва : МИСиС, 2017. – 72 с.
  2. Бессонов, Л. А. Теоретические основы электротехники. Электрические цепи : учебник для электротехн., энергет., приборостроит. спец. вузов / Л. А. Бессонов. – 9-е изд., перераб. и доп. – Москва : Высш. шк., 1996. – 638 с.
  3. Манаков, А. Д. Концепция защиты устройств железнодорожной автоматики и телемеханики от перенапряжений / А. Д. Манаков // Промышленный транспорт Урала. – 2007. – № 9. – С. 35–37.
  4. Параметрический резонанс : учеб.-метод. пособие / сост. Н. И. Федяйнова. – Томск : Изд. Дом Томского гос. ун-та, 2016. – 14 с.
  5. Разгонов, А. П. Оцінка впливу асиметрії тягового струму на роботу перегінних рейкових кіл / А. П. Разгонов, К. І. Ящук // Безпека та електромагнітна сумісність на залізн. трансп. (S&EMC) : тези VII Міжнар. наук.-практ. конф. / Дніпропетр. нац. ун-т залізн. трансп. ім. акад. В. Лазаряна. – Дніпро, 2016. – С. 60–61.
  6. Hasan, A. N. Impulse Noise Detection in OFDM Communication System Using Machine Learning Ensemble Algorithms / A. N. Hasan, Т. Shongwe // International Joint Conference SOCO’16-CISIS’16-ICEUTE’16 (San Sebastián, Spain, October 19th–21st, 2016). – Cham : Springer, 2016. – Р. 85–91. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-47364-2_9
  7. Non-collinear generation of angularly isolated circularly polarized high harmonics / D. D. Hickstein, F. J. Dollar, Р. Grychtol [et al.] // Nature Photonics. – 2015. – Vol. 9. – Iss. 11. – Р. 743–750. doi: 10.1038/nphoton.2015.181
  8. Shongwe, T. A study on Impulse Noise and Its Models / Т. Shongwe, A. J. H. Vinck, Н. С. Ferreira // SAIEE Africa Research Journal. – 2015. – Vol. 106. – Iss. 3. – Р. 119–131. doi: 10.23919/saiee.2015.8531938
  9. Parametric generator : Patent 8699124, USA, WO2011/157990 / M. H. Dunn ; University Court of The University of St Andrews Filed. – № PCT/GB2011/000899 ; App. Date June 16, 2011 ; Pub. Date December 22, 2011.
  10. Yashchuk, K. I. Potentials railwise propagation study / K. I. Yashchuk // Наука та прогрес транспорту. – 2017. – № 4 (70). – С. 7–15. doi: 10.15802/stp2017/109519
  11. Zong, Z. A 60 GHz frequency generator based on a 20 GHz oscillator and an implicit multiplier / Z. Zong, М. Babaie, R. B. Staszewski // IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits. – 2016. – Vol. 51. – Iss. 5. – Р. 1261–1273. doi: 10.1109/jssc.2016.2528997

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


ISSN 2307–3489 (Print)
ІSSN 2307–6666 (Online)