O. O. Shekhvatov, V. H. Vitolberh, D. O. Potapov


The investigations were made on the rails which are maintained in the underground conditions. They essentially distinguish from their work in the main way. Therefore the requirements to their reliability should answer conditions of traffic safety of trains. The existing normative base on continuous replacement of rails for undergrounds was applied, as well as for a main way, without consideration curvature of a railway track. On the basis of use of the theory of reliability and the theory of probability the mathematical model for the description of gradual refusals of rails in real conditions of underground which takes into account the passed tonnage, curvature of a railway track and a root-mean-square rejection as function of curvature of a way and the passed tonnage is offered. The normal distribution of withdrawal of rails because of defects and damages is set in the basis of the model. The usege of this model allows to develop scientifically - substantiated recommendations for definition of the normative tonnage for continuous replacement of rails. It depends on established for railways scale of their exit taking info account operational factors of a railway.


the movement of the train; the main path; the tonnage

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