The Influence of the Human Factor on Vigilance in Driving
Keywords:driver's vigilance, human factor, traffic safety, requirements for the driver, factors of influence on the driver
Purpose. The purpose of this study is to find ways to improve the system for monitoring and controlling the human condition, which is directly involved in driving vehicles, by borrowing knowledge and achievements from the field of scientific research in matters related to determining a person's response to the action of various factors of influence, irritating factors, interaction with other people and technical means, the ability to maintain long-term ability to work, etc. Methodology. Since transportation requires both high professional and personal skills, it is necessary to develop and implement systems for monitoring and controlling the human condition that would meet the needs of the achievements of the modern level of technical development. To determine the factors of influence on a person, an analysis of research in this area was conducted. Findings. It is emphasized that each person has, firstly, his or her own peculiarities, and secondly, cannot be in two identical states at different times. Given these and other aspects, a universal approach should be developed to determine and verify a person's responsibility for making relevant decisions. The main factors influencing the driver's attention are identified. Among them, in addition to the physiological one, the psycho-emotional state takes a significant place, which also needs to be taken into account. Originality. The development of technology leads to new needs and provides new opportunities in almost all industries. One of these is the study of humans. The proposed approach allows us to take a broader look at the role and place of a person, his or her integration into the transportation process. Practical value. The analysis of the forms of influence and types of load on different systems of human perception made it possible to outline the task of determining the ability of a person to act responsibly under the influence of significant factors.
Baysari, M. T., McIntosh, A. S., & Wilson, J. R. (2008). Understanding the human factors contribution to railway accidents and incidents in Australia. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40(5), 1750-1757. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2008.06.013 (in English)
Choi, Y. C., Kim, Y. K., & Kim, C. Y. (2002). A Study on the Detailed Classification and Empirical Analysis of Human Error. Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical and Flight Operation, 10(1), 9-20. (in English)
Common Safety Indicators EC. The European Railway Agency (ERA). Retrieved from http://www.era.europa.eu/Pages/Home.aspx (in English)
Doncaster, N. (2012). «By the seat of their pants» Cues and feedback used by train crew. In Rail Human Factors around the World. (pp. 484–494). Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/b12742-56 (in English)
Elliot, A. C., Garner, S. D., & Grimes, E. (2007). The cognitive tasks of the driver: The approach and passage through diverging junctions. In People and Rail Systems: Human Factors at the Heart of the Railway (pp. 115-123). Aldershot: Ashgate. (in English)
Gaur, D. (2005). Human factors analysis and classification system applied to civil aircraft accidents in India. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 76(5), 501-505. (in English)
Gillis, I. (2007). Cognitive workload of train drivers. In People and Rail Systems: Human Factors at the Heart of the Railway (pp. 91-101). Aldershot: Ashgate. (in English)
Guha-Sapir, D. EM-DAT: International Disaster Database. University Catholique de Louvain-Brussels-Belgium. Retrieved from http://www.emdat.be/database (in English)
Halliday, M. W., & Porter, D. R. (1996). SPADRAM: Driver Distraction, Human Factors Assessment. (No. SHE 952046). London: British Railway Board. (in English)
Hamilton, W. I., & Clarke, T. (2005). Driver performance modelling and its practical application to railway safe-ty. Applied Ergonomics, 36(6), 661-670. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2005.07.005 (in English)
Hyungsik, K. (2019). Human Resources and Infrastructure System Towards «World’s Best, Korean Railroad». Japan Railway & Transport Review, 54, 14-23. (in English)
Naweed, A. & Aitken, J. (2014). Drive a mile in my seat: Signal design from a systems perspective. IRSE Australasia Technical Meeting, 1-7. (in English)
Park, Y. J. (2015). A Study on the Legal Issues in the Conditions of Domestic Carriage of Passenger by Sea. The Journal of Korean Maritime Law Association, 37(2). (in English)
Porter, D. (1992). A detailed task analysis of four types of train driving. (Iss. 1). SRD, Cheshire. (in English)
Russell, A., & Long, S. (2008). Rail Human Factors: Supporting reliability, safety and cost reduction. CRC Press. (in English)
Walker, G., & Strathie, A. (2014). Combining human factors methods with transport data recordings. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics AHFE 2014, 236-245. (in English)
Wickens, C. D., & Hollands, J. G. (2000). Engineering psychology and human performance. NJ: Prentice-Hall Inc. (in English)
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Science and Transport Progress
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Copyright and Licensing
This journal provides open access to all of its content.
As such, copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the authors, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). The CC BY license permits commercial and non-commercial reuse. Such access is associated with increased readership and increased citation of an author's work. For more information on this approach, see the Public Knowledge Project, the Directory of Open Access Journals, or the Budapest Open Access Initiative.
The CC BY 4.0 license allows users to copy, distribute and adapt the work in any way, provided that they properly point to the author. Therefore, the editorial board of the journal does not prevent from placing published materials in third-party repositories. In order to protect manuscripts from misappropriation by unscrupulous authors, reference should be made to the original version of the work.