CONSUMPTION VOLUMES TECHNOLOGY OF ELECTRICITY AND HEAT BY DEPARTMENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY
Keywords:technology, regulation, metering devices, energy efficiency, energy source, energy management, power consumption, heat costs
Purpose. Efficient use of natural energy resources is one of the priorities of the state policy in the sphere of universities and institutions of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. Besides search and development the new efficient and clean energy systems it is necessary to implement optimal management of the development and operation of existing facilities, reducing their energy costs. Purpose of this work is to develop consumption volume technology of electricity and heat by scientific departments of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan (DNURT) for further finding the ways to reduce energy consumption. The problem is due to the specifics of University’s energy scheme. There is a difficulty for the installation of energy meters and data acquisition about their use in individual branches and structural units. At the same time it is impossible to assess qualitatively the energy position of scientific departments. Methodology. The method to determine the electricity and heat consumption for space heating of scientific departments at the university is based on «The intersectoral rules of electricity and heat energy for institutions and public sector organizations in Ukraine» and «Codes and regulations on rationing of fuel and heat energy for heating the residential buildings as well as for economic needs in Ukraine». Findings. Developed determining expenditure technology of electricity and heat for heating by scientific departments at the DNURT named after Academician V. Lazaryan allows obtaining data on energy consumption in individual units without direct measure and analyzing the effectiveness of energy saving technologies. Originality. It is represented by energy costs in the form of two components and these components are defined on the basis of the energy audit. This enables the energy inputs to implement energy efficiency measures in the research departments of the university. Practical value. The developed method can be used as practical tools to monitor energy consumption in the above mentioned university and in similar facilities.
Habrinets V.O., Khrystian Ye.V., Tytarenko I.V. Shliakhy pidvyshchennia efektyvnosti enerhetychnykh pidrozdilov zaliznychnoho transportu [Ways to improve the energy units efficiency od railway transport]. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho natsionalnoho universytetu zaliznychnoho transportu imeni akademika V. Lazariana [Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan], 2012, issue 41, pp. 187-190.
DSTU 4713:2007. Enerhozberezhennia. Enerhetychnyi audyt promyslovykh pidpryiemstv. Poriadok provedennia ta vymohy do orhanizatsii robit [Energy-saving. Energy audit of industrial enterprises. The procedure and requirements for the organization of operation]. Kyiv, Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy Publ., 2007. 18 p.
Zerkalov D.V. Enerhozberezhennia v Ukraini [Energy-saving in Ukraine]. Kyiv, Osnova Publ., 2012. 582 p.
Kuznetsov V.H. Normuvannia vytrat elektroenerhii dlia spozhyvachiv zaliznychnoho transportu [Rationing of electricity costs for consumers of railway transport]. Dnipropetrovsk, Makovetskyi Publ., 2012. 216 p.
Deshko V.I., Prakhovnyk A.V., Prokopenko V.V. et al. Metodyka provedennia enerhetychnoho audytu zakladiv osvity. Zahalni polozhennia. Poriadok provedennia [Energy audit procedure of educational institutions. General provisions. Procedure]. Kyiv, KPI Publ., 2009. 75 p.
Mizhhaluzevi normy spozhyvannia elektrychnoi ta teplovoi enerhii dlia ustanov i orhanizatsii biudzhetnoi sfery Ukrainy (Intersectoral norms of electric and thermal energy for institutions and organizations of the budgetary sphere in Ukraine). Available at: http://uazakon.com/big/text456/pg1.htm (Accessed 03 February 2015).
Normy ta vkazivky po normuvanniu vytrat palyva ta teplovoi enerhii na opalennia zhytlovykh ta hromadskykh sporud, a takozh na hospodarsko-pobutovi potreby v Ukraini. KTM 204 Ukraina 244-94 [Standards and guidelines for rationing of fuel and heat energy for heating of residential and public build-ings, as well as on household needs in Ukraine. KTM 204 of Ukraine 244-94]. Kyiv, VIPOL, 2001. 376 p.
Posibnyk ta dopovnennia do «Norm ta vkazivok z normuvannia vytrat palyva ta teplovoi enerhii na opalennia zhytlovykh ta hromadskykh sporud, a takozh na hospodarsko-pobutovi potreby v Ukraini», KTM 204 Ukrainy 244-94. [Guide and additions to the «Standards and guidelines for rationing of fuel and heat energy for heating of residential and public buildings, as well as on household needs in Ukraine», KTM 204 of Ukraine 244-94]. Kyiv, UkrNDIinzhproekt Publ., 2001. 64 p.
Pshinko O.M., Yatsenko D.K., Kuznetsov V.H. Analiz vprovadzhennia enerhozberihaiuchykh zakhodiv v universyteti [The implementation analysis of energy saving measures at the University]. Visnyk Kyivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu tekhnolohii ta dyzainu [Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Technology and Design], 2013, issue 6 (74), pp. 344-352.
Pshinko O.M., Habrinets V.O., Horiachkin V.M. Analiz efektyvnosti systemy teplopostachannia studmis-techka Dnipropetrovskoho natsionalnoho universytetu zaliznychnoho transportu [Effectiveness analysis of campus heat supply system of the Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport]. Nauka ta prohres transportu. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho natsionalnoho universytetu zaliznychnoho transportu − Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport, 2014, no. 2 (50), pp. 74-82.
Shaptala M.V., Shaptala D.Ye. Razrabotka matematicheskoy modeli protsessov teplomassoobmena ot-krytogo plavatelnogo basseyna [Mathematical model development of heat and mass exchange processes in the outdoor swimming pools]. Nauka ta prohres transportu. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho natsionalnoho universytetu zaliznychnoho transportu − Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport, 2014, no. 6 (54), pp. 113-118.
Harris D. Energy Management in Buildings. New York, Spon Press, 2011. 176 p. Available at: https://books.google.com.ua/books?id=UqqMAgAAQBAJ (Accessed 03 February 2015).
ISO 50001:2011. Energy management systems – Requirements with guidance for use. Intern. Organization for Standartization. Geneva, Switzerland. 2011. 22 p. Available at: http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=51297(Accessed 03 February 2015).
How to Cite
Copyright and Licensing
This journal provides open access to all of its content.
As such, copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the authors, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). The CC BY license permits commercial and non-commercial reuse. Such access is associated with increased readership and increased citation of an author's work. For more information on this approach, see the Public Knowledge Project, the Directory of Open Access Journals, or the Budapest Open Access Initiative.
The CC BY 4.0 license allows users to copy, distribute and adapt the work in any way, provided that they properly point to the author. Therefore, the editorial board of the journal does not prevent from placing published materials in third-party repositories. In order to protect manuscripts from misappropriation by unscrupulous authors, reference should be made to the original version of the work.