EVALUATION OF DYNAMIC INDICATORS OF SIX-AXLE LOCOMOTIVE

S. V. Myamlin, N. YU. Naumenko, O. M. Markova, H. M. Kovtun, V. V. Maliy

Abstract


Purpose. The paper is devoted to dynamic characteristics evaluation of the locomotive with prospective design and determination the feasibility of its use on the Ukrainian railways. Methodology. The methods of mathematical and computer modeling of the dynamics of railway vehicles, as well as methods for the numerical integration of systems of ordinary nonlinear differential equations were used to solve the problem. Findings. The calculated diagram of a locomotive on three-axle bogies was built to solve the problem, and it is a system of rigid bodies connected by various elements of rheology. The mathematical model of the locomotive movement, allowing studying its spatial vibrations at driving on straight and curved sections of the track with random irregularities in plan and profile was developed with use of this calculated diagram. At compiling the mathematical model took into account both geometric (nonlinearity profile of the wheel roll surface) and physical nonlinearity of the system (the work forces of dry friction, nonlinearity characteristics of interaction forces between wheels and rails). The multivariate calculations, which allowed assessing the dynamic qualities of the locomotive at its movement along straight and curved sections of the track, were realized with the use of computer modeling. The smoothness movement indicators of the locomotive in horizontal and vertical planes, frame strength, coefficients of vertical dynamics in the first and second stages of the suspension, the load factor of resistance against the derailment of the wheel from the rail were determined at the period of research. In addition, a comparison of the obtained results with similar characteristics is widely used on the Ukrainian railways in six-axle locomotive TE 116. The influence of speed and technical state of the track on the locomotive traffic safety was determined.Originality. A mathematical model of the spatial movement of a six-axle locomotive with prospective design, taking into account the peculiarities of its design was developed. Evaluation of dynamic characteristics at the carriage movement along a track of arbitrary shape was made. Practical value. The developed mathematical model of the six-axle locomotive movement can be used at conducting research on development of advanced locomotives designs.


Keywords


rolling stock; locomotive; mathematical model; dynamic indicators

References


Gruzovoy teplovoz ER20 CF dlya Litvy [Freight locomotive ER20 CF for Lithuania]. Zheleznyye dorogi miraRailways of the World, 2009, no. 5, pp. 17-24.

Korop G.V., Klyuyev S.A., Zubar Ye.V. Razrabotka i issledovaniye matematicheskoy modeli dvizheniya shestiosnogo lokomotiva s upravlyayemoy radialnoy ustanovkoy kolesnykh par [Development and research of mathematical model of six-axle locomotive with a controlled radial installation of wheel pairs]. Visnyk Skhidnoukrainskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V. Dalia [Bulletin of the East Ukrainian National University named after V. Dahl], 2013, no. 4 (193), part 2, pp. 65-68.

Lazaryan V.A. Dinamika transportnykh sredstv [The dynamics of vehicles]. Kyiv, Naukova dumka Publ., 1985. 528 p.

Masliyev V.G. K 50-letiyu sozdaniya pervogo otechestvennogo teplovoza na pnevmaticheskom ressornom podveshivannii [On the 50th anniversary of the first Russian locomotive on the pneumatic spring suspension]. Visnyk Natsionalnoho Tekhnichnoho Universytetu Kharkivskoho Politekhnichnoho Instytutu [Bulletin of National Technical University of Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute], 2013, no. 32 (1005), pp. 60-66.

Ushkalov V.F., Reznikov L.M., Ikkol V.S. Matematicheskoye modelirovaniye kolebaniy relsovykh transportnykh sredstv [Mathematical modeling of vibrations of railway vehicles]. Kyiv, Naukova dumka Publ., 1989. 240 p.

Myamlin S.V., Neduzhaya L.A. Sovershenstvovaniye konstruktsii khodovykh chastey lokomotivov [Design improvement of the locomotive running gears]. Nauka ta prohres transportu. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho natsionalnoho universytetu zaliznychnoho transportu – Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport, 2013, no. 5 (47), pp. 124-136. doi: 10.15802/stp2013/17977.

Normy dlya rascheta i otsenki prochnosti nesushchikh elementov, dinamicheskikh kachestv i vozdeystviya na put ekipazhnoy chasti lokomotivov zheleznykh dorog MPS RF kolei 1520 mm [Standards for the calculation and assessment of the strength of load-bearing elements, dynamic qualities and impact on the track of undercarriage locomotives Ministry of Railways of the Russian 1,520 mm].Moscow, Ministerstvo putey soobshcheniya Rossiyskoy Federatsii, Vsesoyuznyy nauchno-issledovatelskiy institut vagonostroeniya Publ., 1998. 145 p.

Daylidka S., Myamlin S.V., Lingaytis L.P., Neduzhaya L.A., Yastremskas V. Obnovleniye lokomotivnogo parka Litovskikh zheleznykh dorog [Upgrading the locomotive fleet of Lithuanian Railways]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Donetskoho instytutu zaliznychnoho transportu [Proc. of Donetsk Institute of Railway Transport], 2011, vol. 28, pp. 174-179.

Ponomareva Ye. Teplovoz ER20 CF: osobennosti konstruktsii [The locomotive ER20 CF: design features]. Lokomotiv-Inform – Lokomotiv-Inform, 2012, no. 2, pp. 12-17.

Prohrama onovlennia lokomotyvnoho parku zaliznyts Ukrainy na 2012-2016 roky [The upgrade program for railways locomotivepark ofUkraine for 2012-2016]. Available at: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/840-2011-%D0%BF (Accessed 31. 03.2015).

Radchenko N.A. Krivolineynoye dvizheniye relsovykh transportnykh sredstv [Curvilinear motion of railway vehicles]. Kyiv, Naukova dumka Publ., 1988. 212 p.

Stan lokomotyvnoho parku Ukrzaliznytsi [The state of railways locomotive fleet]. Magistral – Magistral, 2012, no. 20, p. 2.

Ushkalov V.F., Lapina L.G., Mashchenko I.A. Raschetnyye vozmushcheniya dlya otsenki dinamicheskikh kachestv gruzovykh vagonov [Calculated disturbances for evaluation of dynamical properties of freight cars]. Nauka ta prohres transportu. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho natsionalnoho universytetu zaliznychnoho transportu – Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport, 2013, no. 4 (46), pp. 135-144. doi: 10.15802/stp2013/16600.

Myamlin S., Luchanin M., Neduzha L. Construction Analysis of Mechanical Parts of Locomotives. TEKA Commission of Motorization and Power Industry in Agriculture, 2013, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 162-169.

Myamlin S., Dailidka S., Neduzha L. Mathematical Modeling of a Cargo Locomotive. Proc. of 16th Intern. Conf. Transport Means 2012,Kaunas, 2012, pp. 310-312.

Ushkalov V.F., Markova O.M., Kovtun E.N. The influence of locomotives state on their wheelset wear under operation conditions. Supplement to Vehicle System Dynamics, 1998, vol. 29, pp. 18-29. doi: 10.1080/00423119808969549.


GOST Style Citations


  1. Грузовой тепловоз ER20 CF для Литвы // Ж.-д. мира. – 2009. – № 5. – С. 17–24.
  2. Короп, Г. В. Разработка и исследование математической модели движения шестиосного локомотива с управляемой радиальной установкой колесных пар / Г. В. Короп, С. А. Клюев, Е. В. Зубарь // Вісн. СНУ ім. В. Даля. – 2013. – № 4 (193), ч. 2. – C. 65–68.
  3. Лазарян, В. А. Динамика транспортных средств / В. А. Лазарян. – Киев : Наук. думка, 1985. – 528 с.
  4. Маслиев, В. Г. К 50-летию создания первого отечественного тепловоза на пневматическом рессорном подвешиваннии / В. Г. Маслиев // Вісн. НТУ «ХПІ». Сер. : Трансп. машинобудування. – Харків, 2013. – № 32 (1005). – С. 60–66.
  5. Математическое моделирование колебаний рельсовых транспортных средств / В. Ф. Ушкалов, Л. М. Резников, В. С. Иккол [и др.]. – Киев : Наук. думка, 1989. – 240 с.
  6. Мямлин, С. В. Совершенствование конструкции ходовых частей локомотивов / С. В. Мямлин, Л. А. Недужая // Наука та прогрес трансп. Вісн. Дніпропетр. нац. ун–ту. залізн. трансп. – 2013. – № 5 (47). – C. 124–136. doi: 10.15802/stp2013/17977.
  7. Нормы для расчета и оценки прочности несущих элементов, динамических качеств и воздействия на путь экипажной части локомотивов железных дорог МПС РФ колеи1520 мм. – Москва : МПС РФ : ВНИИВ, 1998. – 145 с.
  8. Обновление локомотивного парка Литовских железных дорог / С. Дайлидка, С. В. Мямлин, Л. П. Лингайтис [и др.] : зб. наук. пр. / ДонІЗТ. − Донецк, 2011. – Вип. 28. – С. 174–179.
  9. Пономарева, Е. Тепловоз ER20 CF : особенности конструкции / Е. Пономарева // Локомотив-информ. – 2012. – № 2. – С. 12–17.
  10. Програма оновлення локомотивного парку залізниць України на 2012-2016 роки : постанова Кабінету Міністрів України від 1 серпня 2011 р. №840 [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/840-2011-%D0%BF. – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено : 31.03.2015.
  11. Радченко, Н. А. Криволинейное движение рельсовых транспортных средств / Н. А. Радченко. – Киев : Наук. думка, 1988. – 212 с.
  12. Стан локомотивного парку Укрзалізниці // Магистраль. – 2012. – № 20. – С. 2.
  13. Ушкалов, В. Ф. Расчетные возмущения для оценки динамических качеств грузовых вагонов / В. Ф. Ушкалов, Л. Г. Лапина, И. А. Мащенко // Наука та прогрес трансп. Вісн. Дніпропетр. нац. ун–ту. залізн. трансп. – 2013. – № 4 (46). – C. 135–144. doi: 10.15802/stp2013/16600.
  14. Myamlin, S. Construction Analysis of Mechanical Parts of Locomotives /S. Myamlin, M. Luchanin, L. Neduzha // TEKA Commission of Motorization and Power Industry in Agriculture. – 2013. – Vol. 13, № 3. – P. 162–169.
  15. Myamlin, S. Mathematical Modeling of a Cargo Locomotive / S. Myamlin,S. Dailidka, L. Neduzha // Transport Means : Proc. of 16th Intern. Conf. /Kaunas:KaunasUniversityof Technology, 2012. – Р. 310–312.
  16. Ushkalov, V. F. The influence of locomotives state on their wheelset wear under operation conditions / V. F. Ushkalov, O. M. Markova, E. N. Kovtun // Supplement to Vehicle System Dynamics. – 1998. – Vol. 29. – P. 18–29. doi: 10.1080/00423119808969549.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/stp2015/46078

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

ISSN 2307–3489 (Print)
ІSSN 2307–6666 (Online)