DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/stp2016/61045

DETERMINATION THE PERMISSIBLE FORCES IN ASSESSING THE LIFT RESISTANT FACTOR OF FREIGHT CARS IN TRAINS

A. O. Shvets, K. I. Zhelieznov, A. S. Akulov, O. M. Zabolotnyi, E. V. Chabaniuk

Abstract

Purpose. In the analytical research are considered: 1) relationships between the longitudinal force acting on the car in the train; 2) lateral and vertical forces of interaction in the contact zone «wheel – rail»; 3) dynamic indicators of cars with the magnitude of the car lift resistance factor; 4) obtaining of the dependencies between them. Methodology. The study was conducted by an analytical method assessing the sustainability of the freight car when driving at different speeds on the straight and curved track sections. Findings. In the process of studying the motion of the train, in the investigation of transport events, as well as during the training on the simulator operator, to assess the actions of the driver, the values of the longitudinal forces in the inter car connections are used. To calculate the longitudinal compressive forces, acting on the car, in which car lift resistance factor will be equal to the allowable value (critical force). To assess the impact on the value of the longitudinal force speed, coefficients of the vertical and horizontal dynamics, as well as the wind load on the side surface of the car body are the results of calculations of motion of the empty gondola car, model № 12-532 curve radius of 250 m with a rise of 150 mm and a transverse run of body of car frame relative to the track axis of the guide section 50 mm. Originality. In this study, the technique of determining the longitudinal compressive force was shown, that is somewhat different from the standard. So, as well as assessing the impact on it the speed of rolling coefficients of vertical and horizontal dynamics and wind load on the side surface of the car body. Practical value. The authors developed proposals on the enhancement of existing methods for determining the value of the longitudinal compressive forces acting on the car in which the safety value of the car lift resistance factor will be equal to the allowable value. It will evaluate the stability of each train car lift resistance factor directly during the simulation of its movement. The most effective use of this technique in the simulator designed to teach the drivers a safe way of driving trains and in the investigation of the causes of cars derailment.

Keywords

safety; wind loading; lateral surface of the body; rules for calculation; car lift resistance factor; speed; stability factor; longitudinal compressive force

PDF (Русский)

References

Vershinskiy S.V., Danilov V.I., Chelnokov I.I. Dinamika vagonov [Dynamics of cars]. Moscow, Transport Publ. 360 p.

Garg V.K., Dukkipati R.V., Bomshteyn K.G., Pankin N.A. Dinamika podvizhnogo sostava [Dynamics of rolling stock]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1988. 392 p.

Gruzovyye vagony kolei 1520 mm zheleznykh dorog SSSR [Freight cars of1520 mm gauge railways of the USSR]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1982. 111 p.

Gruzovyye vagony kolei 1520 mm zheleznykh dorog SSSR [Freight cars of1520 mm gauge railways of the USSR]. Moscow, Transport Publ., 1989. 175 p.

Shvyets A.A., Zhyelyeznov K.I., Akulov A.S., Zabolotnyy A.N., Chabanyuk Ye.V. K voprosu opredeleniya koeffitsienta zapasa ustoychivosti ot vyzhimaniya legkovesnykh vagonov [Determination of the issue concerning the lift resistance factor of lightweight car]. Nauka ta prohres transportu Science and Transport Progress, 2015, no. 6 (60), pp. 134–148. doi: 10.15802/stp2015/57098.

Shvyets A.A., Zhyelyeznov K.I., Akulov A.S., Zabolotnyy A.N., Chabanyuk Ye.V. Nekotoryye aspekty opredeleniya ustoychivosti porozhnikh vagonov ot vyzhimaniya ikh prodolnymi silami v gruzovykh poyezdakh [Some aspects of the definition of empty cars stability from squeezing their longitudinal forces in the freight train]. Nauka ta prohres transportu Science and Transport Progress, 2015, no. 4 (58), pp. 175-189. doi: 10.15802/stp2015/49281.

Normy dlya rascheta i proektirovaniya novykh i moderniziruemykh vagonov zheleznykh dorog MPS kolei 1520 mm (nesamokhodnykh) [Norms for calculation and design of new and modernized cars of Ministry of Railways of1520 mm (not self-propelled)]. Moscow, VNIIV-VNIIZhT Publ., 1983. 260 p.

Zheleznov K.I., Akulov A.S., Yevdomakha H.V., Zabolotnyi O.M., Chabaniuk Ye.V., Shvets A.O. Trenazher dlia navchannia mashynista mahistralnoho lokomotyva [Simulator for training the operator of the main locomotive]. Patent UA, no. u 2013 09075. 2013.

Zheleznov K.I., Akulov A.S., Yevdomakha H.V., Zabolotnyi O.M., Chabaniuk Ye.V., Shvets A.O. Svidotstvo pro reiestratsiiu avtorskoho prava na tvir No. 54184 Ukraina. Kompiuterna prohrama «Obucheniye vozhdeniyu poyezdov mashinistov magistralnykh lokomotivov» [Computer program «Learning to drive trains of drivers in mainline locomotives»]. Certificate UA, no. 54184, 2014.

Taturevich A.A. Teoreticheskiye issledovaniya ustoychivosti podvizhnogo sostava protiv skhoda ot vkatyvaniya grebnya kolesa na rels [Theoretical studies of stability of rolling stock against derailment from the racking of the wheel flange on the rail]. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho natsionalnoho universytetu zaliznychnoho transportu imeni akademika V. Lazariana [Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan], 2003, issue 2, pp. 133-137.

Anyakwo A., Pislaru C., Ball A. A New Method for Modelling and Simulation of the Dynamic Behaviour of the Wheel-rail Contact. Intern. Journal of Automation and Computing, 2012, vol. 9, issue 3, pp. 237-247. doi: 10.1007/s11633-012-0640-6.

Marquis B., Greif R. Application of Nadal limit in the prediction of wheel climb derailment (JRC2011-56064). Proc. of the ASME/ASCE/IEEE. 2011 Joint Rail Conf. (16.03.–18.03.2011). Pueblo, Colorado, USA, 2011, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.1115/jrc2011-56064.

Transit cooperative research program. Annual Report of Progress. Washington, Transportation Research Board Publ., 2014. 112 p.

Track-Related Research Volume 5. Flange Climb Derailment Criteria and Wheel/Rail Proﬁle Management and Maintenance Guidelines for Transit Operations. Transit cooperative research program Report 71, 2005, 147 p.

Trzaska Z. Modeling of Energy Processes in Wheel-Rail Contacts Operating under Influence of Periodic Discontinuous Forces. Journal of Transportation Technologies, 2012, vol. 2, pp. 129-143. doi: 10.4236/jtts.2012.22014.

GOST Style Citations

1. Вершинский, С. В. Динамика вагонов / С. В. Вершинский, В. И. Данилов, И. И. Челноков. – Москва : Транспорт, 1991. – 360 с.
2. Гарг, В. К. Динамика подвижного состава / В. К. Гарг, Р. В. Дуккипати ; [пер. с англ. К. Г. Бомштейна] ; под ред. Н. А. Панькина. – Москва : Транспорт, 1988. – 392 с.
3. Грузовые вагоны колеи1520 ммжелезных дорог СССР : альбом. – Москва : Транспорт, 1982. – 111 с.
4. Грузовые вагоны колеи1520 ммжелезных дорог СССР : альбом-справочник / М-во путей сообщ. СССР, Гл. упр. вагон. хоз-ва. – Москва : Транспорт, 1989. – 175 с.
5. К вопросу определения коэффициента запаса устойчивости от выжимания легковесных вагонов / А. А. Швец, К. И. Железнов, А. С. Акулов [и др.] // Наука та прогрес транспорту. – 2015. – № 6 (60). – С. 134–148. doi: 10.15802/stp2015/57098.
6. Некоторые аспекты определения устойчивости порожних вагонов от выжимания их продольными силами в грузовых поездах / А. А. Швец, К. И. Железнов, А. С. Акулов [и др.] // Наука та прогрес транспорту. – 2015. – № 4 (58). – С. 175–189. doi: 10.15802/stp2015/49281.
7. Нормы для расчета и проектирования новых и модернизируемых вагонов железных дорог МПС колеи1520 мм(несамоходных). – Москва : ВНИИВ ; ВНИИЖТ, 1983. – 260 с.
8. Пат. 87837 Україна. МПК G 09 B 9/04 (20.06.01). Тренажер для навчання машиніста магістрального локомотива / Желєзнов К. І., Акулов А. С., Євдомаха Г. В., Заболотний О. М., Чабанюк Є. В., Швець А. О. (Україна) ; заявник та патентовласник Дніпропетр. нац. ун-т залізн. трансп. ім. акад. В. Лазаряна. – № u 2013 09075 ; заявл. 19.07.13 ; опубл. 25.02.14. Бюл. № 4. – 2 с.
9. Свідоцтво про реєстрацію авторського права на твір № 54184 (Україна). Комп’ютерна програма «Обучение вождению поездов машинистов магистральных локомотивов» / Желєзнов К. І., Акулов А. С., Євдомаха Г. В., Заболотний О. М., Чабанюк Є. В., Швець А. О. (Україна) ; заявник та патентовласник Дніпропетр. нац. ун-т залізн. трансп. ім. акад. В. Лазаряна. – заявл. 20.03.14.
10. Татуревич, А. А. Теоретические исследования устойчивости подвижного состава против схода от вкатывания гребня колеса на рельс / А. А. Татуревич // Вісн. Дніпропетр. нац. ун-ту залізн. трансп ім. акад. В. Лазаряна. – Дніпропетровськ, 2003. – Вип. 2. – С. 133–137.
11. Anyakwo, A. A New Method for Modelling and Simulation of the Dynamic Behaviour of the Wheel-rail Contact / A. Anyakwo, C. Pislaru, A. Ball // Intern. J. of Automation and Computing. – 2012. – Vol. 9. – Iss. 3. – P. 237–247. doi: 10.1007/s11633-012-0640-6.
12. Marquis, B. Application of Nadal limit in the prediction of wheel climb derailment (JRC2011-56064) / B. Marquis, R. Greif // Proc. of the ASME/ASCE/IEEE. 2011 Joint Rail Conf. (16.03.–18.03.2011). – Pueblo, Colorado, USA, 2011. – P. 1–8. doi: 10.1115/jrc2011-56064.
13. Transit cooperative research program : Annual Report of Progress. – Washington : Transportation Research Board, 2014. – 112 p.
14. Track-Related Research. Vol. 5. Flange Climb Derailment Criteria and Wheel/Rail Proﬁle Management and Maintenance Guidelines for Transit Operations. Transit cooperative research program Report 71. – Washington, 2005. – 147 p.
15. Trzaska, Z. Modeling of Energy Processes in Wheel-Rail Contacts Operating under Influence of Periodic Discontinuous Forces / Z. Trzaska // J. of Transportation Technologies. – 2012. – Vol. 2. – P. 129–143. doi: 10.4236/jtts.2012.22014.

Cited-by:

1. INFLUENCE OF THE LONGITUDINAL AND TRANSVERSE DISPLACEMENT OF THE CARGO GRAVITY CENTER IN GONDOLA CARS ON THEIR DYNAMIC INDICATORS
A. O. Shvets
Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport  Issue: 5(77)  First page: 115  Year: 2018
doi: 10.15802/stp2018/146432

2. Transversal displacement of freight wagons bogies
Oleksij Fomin, Angela Shvets, Vladimír Hauser, Pavlo Prokopenko
PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOSCIENCE, BIOTECHNOLOGY, AND BIOMETRICS 2019  Vol: 2199  First page: 020002  Year: 2019
doi: 10.1063/1.5140863

3. STUDY OF DYNAMIC INDICATORS OF FLAT WAGON WITH LOAD CENTRE SHIFT
O. V. Shatunov, A. O. Shvets
Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport  Issue: 2(80)  First page: 127  Year: 2019
doi: 10.15802/stp2019/165160

4. The revised method for calculating of the optimal train control mode
Konstantyn I. Zhelieznov, Artem S. Akulov, Oleksandr M. Zabolotniy, Lyudmila V. Ursulyak, Evgenij V. Chabanuk, Angela O. Shvets, Valeriy G. Kuznetsov, Anatolii V. Radkevych
Archives of Transport  Vol: 51  Issue: 3  First page: 21  Year: 2019
doi: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.6160

5. GONDOLA CARS DYNAMICS FROM THE ACTION OF LONGITUDINAL FORCES
A. O. Shvets
Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport  Issue: 6(84)  First page: 142  Year: 2020
doi: 10.15802/stp2019/195821

6. STABILITY OF FREIGHT CARS UNDER THE ACTION OF COMPRESSIVE LONGITUDINAL FORCES
A. O. Shvets
Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport  Issue: 1(85)  First page: 119  Year: 2020
doi: 10.15802/stp2020/199485

7. IMPROVEMENT OF MATHEMATICAL MODELS FOR ESTIMATION OF TRAIN DYNAMICS
L. V. Ursulyak, A. O. Shvets
Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport  Issue: 6(72)  First page: 70  Year: 2017
doi: 10.15802/stp2017/118002

8. INFLUENCE OF LOADING FROM THE AXLE OF A GONDOLA CAR ON ITS DYNAMIC INDICATORS AND RAILWAY TRACK
A. O. Shvets, О. О. Bolotov
Science and Transport Progress. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport  Issue: 1(79)  First page: 151  Year: 2019
doi: 10.15802/stp2019/158127