MODELLING THE MODIFIED METHOD OF ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS BY MEANS OF CONSTRUCTIVE AND PRODUCTIVE STRUCTURES

T. M. Vasetska

Abstract


Purpose. In the study it is supposed: 1) to extend the classical method of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) for a great number of alternatives and criteria; 2) to build a model of constructive decision making process using a modified method of analytic hierarchy process with sorting (AHPS). Methodology. To achieve this purpose the mechanism of constructive and productive structures (CPS) was used; the refining transformations of the generalized constructive-productive structure (GCPS) were fulfilled. Findings. The developed model of the constructive process is the interaction between the three structures: the general CPS of AHPS, which allows to set criteria and alternatives and performs the decomposition of task hierarchical structure; CPS of grouping and sorting, which divides alternatives (criteria) into groups and implements the classic single-level AHP for each group, as well as calculates estimates of paired comparisons based on the input data; CPS of single-level classic AHP, which allows to fill the matrix of paired comparisons and calculates the ranks of alternatives. All three structures interact at different levels of transformations: by data conformity at the level of concretization and using of implementations. The proposed model allowed moving to the more abstract level in presentation of decision making problem solving for a great number of criteria and alternatives. Originality. The paper proposes to use CPS mechanism for formalizing modifications of AHP with sorting for decision making problem solving with a great number of criteria and alternatives. Practical value. The formalization of the presentation of the analytic hierarchy process and its modifications allows extending the range of applications of this method, as well as unifying the description of various AHP modifications. Such presentation provides the possibility for developing the programs to implement the method hybrid modifications. Using different interpretations presented in the article of CPS will allow for other approaches in determining the coherence of pairwise comparison matrices, estimate calculation and ranks of alternatives and criteria.


Keywords


modelling; constructive and productive structure; constructive process; analytic hierarchy process; modification

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/stp2016/77926

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