Assessment of accident rate at Lithuanian railways level crossings
Keywords:risk factors, railway crossing, logistic regression method, traffic safety
Purpose. The most pressing problem facing the rail traffic safety experts is an accident rate at the railway level crossings. The purpose is to investigate the circumstances, which affect traffic safety at the level crossings, and to offer effective tools for experts to improve the safety the problems of these dangerous spaces of railway infrastructure. Methodology. This paper observes the logistic regression as a method to estimate the accident rate at level crossings in Lithuania. The authors have studied and evaluated the key factors affecting the safety of railway crossings. These factors are the intensity of trains and road transport means through the railway level crossing, the visibility of the approaching train from both sides of the traffic, the maximum permissible speed of the trains, the number of tracks (single track, double track, and multi-track), the level of installed alarm and automatic equipment, a density of population in this area, etc. Finally, only the factors, which might be described by mathematical expressions (numbers), were identified. Findings. By using logistic regression method, it was found that the most determinant factors at level crossings are the maximum speed of trains, poor visibility crossing (less than 1,000 m), intensity of the road traffic at crossings, and inappropriate implementation of roads crossing the rails. Based on the study results, the conclusions and recommendations were formulated which primary measures to prevent accidents at level crossing and on what level crossing should be taken urgently. Originality.Revealed trends and major causes of accidents at railway crossings of Lithuania for 2004-2011 year. The necessity of implementation of progressive technical measures for the prevention accidents on railway level crossing is proved. Practical value. About 50% of Lithuanian railway crossings do not meet the requirements of the level crossing legislation. This parameter is one of the key risk factors for traffic safety at level crossings. In order to eliminate the effect on accident due to poor visibility of moving train, it is proposed to use the "speed bumps". Question of the elimination of one level crossing is becoming more and more important due to the increased volume of traffic on the roads and railways, growing the speed of trains and the implementation of important large-scale road and rail projects.
Analysis of traffic safety in level crossings managed „Lithuanian Railways“. Vilnius, Plc. State Railway Inspectorate under the Ministry of Transport and Communications Publ., 2010. 13 p.
ERADIS-European Railway Agency Database of Interoperability and Safety. Available at: http://pdb.era.europa.eu/safety_docs/csi/default.aspx (Accessed 17 February 2012).
Evans E. Fatal accidents at railway level crossings in Great Britain 1946-2009. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2011, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 1837-1845.
Fakhfakh N., Khoudour L., El-Koursi E.M., Jacot J., Dufaux A.A. Video-Based Object Detection System for Improving Safety at Level Crossings. The Open Transportation Journal, 2011, vol. 5, pp. 45 -59.
Gailiene I., Gedaminskas M., Podagelis I. The main problems concerning safety, maintenance and reconstruction of level crossings in Lithuanian railway lines. Proc. 8th Int. Conf. “Environmental Engineering”: Selected paper. Vilnius, 2011, issue 3, pp. 1077-1081.
Koppel O. Traffic Safety Management at Single-Level Road. Proc. 27th Int. Baltic Road Conf. “Railway Crossings: Estonian Experience” Available at: http://www.mnt.ee/bra/conference27/html/index_c2.htm. (Accessed 17 February 2012).
Rakotonairy A., Soole D., Larue G. Use of ITS improve level crossings safety. Proc. 11th Level Crossing Symp. Tokyo, 2010, pp. 38-51.
Savage I. Does public education improve rail-highway crossing safety? Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2006, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 310-316.
Seise A., Kallberg V-P., Silla A. The effect of speed bumps on driving speeds at road-railway level crossings. Proc. 11th Level Crossing Symp. Tokyo, 2010, pp. 8-17.
Silla A.; Kallberg V-P. The development of railway safety in Finland. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2012, vol. 45, pp. 737- 744.
Statistics of valid traffic accidents in Lithuania, 2006-2011. Lithuanian Road Administration under the Ministry of Transport and Communications Publ., Vilnius, 2012, 26 p.
Tey L.S., Ferreira L., Wallace A. Measuring driver responses at railway level crossings. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2011, vol. 43, pp. 2134-2141.
Terry Spicer. Using Legislation as a Means of Improving Shared Responsibility at Railway Level Crossings. Proc. 11th World Level Crossing Symposium “The Status of Level Crossing Safety Management Countermeasures”. Tokyo, 2010, pp.1-3.
The statistics of recorded traffic accidents in Lithuania in 2007-2010 years. Lithuanian Road Administration under the Ministry of Transportation Publ., Vilnius, 2011, 12 p.
How to Cite
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).