Assessment of accident rate at Lithuanian railways level crossings

Gintautas Bureika, Lionginas Liudvinavichius

Abstract


Purpose. The most pressing problem facing the rail traffic safety experts is an accident rate at the railway level crossings. The purpose is to investigate the circumstances, which affect traffic safety at the level crossings, and to offer effective tools for experts to improve the safety the problems of these dangerous spaces of railway infrastructure. Methodology. This paper observes the logistic regression as a method to estimate the accident rate at level crossings in Lithuania. The authors have studied and evaluated the key factors affecting the safety of railway crossings. These factors are the intensity of trains and road transport means through the railway level crossing, the visibility of the approaching train from both sides of the traffic, the maximum permissible speed of the trains, the number of tracks (single track, double track, and multi-track), the level of installed alarm and automatic equipment, a density of population in this area, etc. Finally, only the factors, which might be described by mathematical expressions (numbers), were identified. Findings. By using logistic regression method, it was found that the most determinant factors at level crossings are the maximum speed of trains, poor visibility crossing (less than 1,000 m), intensity of the road traffic at crossings, and inappropriate implementation of roads crossing the rails. Based on the study results, the conclusions and recommendations were formulated which primary measures to prevent accidents at level crossing and on what level crossing should be taken urgently. Originality.Revealed trends and major causes of accidents at railway crossings of Lithuania for 2004-2011 year. The necessity of implementation of progressive technical measures for the prevention accidents on railway level crossing is proved. Practical value. About 50% of Lithuanian railway crossings do not meet the requirements of the level crossing legislation. This parameter is one of the key risk factors for traffic safety at level crossings. In order to eliminate the effect on accident due to poor visibility of moving train, it is proposed to use the "speed bumps". Question of the elimination of one level crossing is becoming more and more important due to the increased volume of traffic on the roads and railways, growing the speed of trains and the implementation of important large-scale road and rail projects.


Keywords


risk factors; railway crossing; logistic regression method; traffic safety

References


Analysis of traffic safety in level crossings managed „Lithuanian Railways“. Vilnius, Plc. State Railway Inspectorate under the Ministry of Transport and Communications Publ., 2010. 13 p.

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Fakhfakh N., Khoudour L., El-Koursi E.M., Jacot J., Dufaux A.A. Video-Based Object Detection System for Improving Safety at Level Crossings. The Open Transportation Journal, 2011, vol. 5, pp. 45 -59.

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GOST Style Citations


1. Analysis of traffic safety in level crossings managed „Lithuanian Railways“. − Vilnius : Plc. State Railway Inspectorate under the Ministry of Transport and Communications, 2010, 13 p.

2. ERADIS-European Railway Agency Database of Interoperability and Safety [Electronic resource] Available at: http://pdb.era.europa.eu/safety_docs/csi/default.aspx. − Title from the screen.

3. Evans, E. Fatal accidents at railway level crossings in Great Britain 1946-2009 / E. Evans // Accident Analysis and Prevention. − 2011. − Vol. 43. − № 5. − P. 1837−1845.

4. Fakhfakh, N. Video-Based Object Detection System for Improving Safety at Level Crossings / N. Fakhfakh, L. Khoudour, E. M. El-Koursi, J. Jacot, A. A. Dufaux // The Open Transportation Journal, 2011. − Vol. 5. − P. 45−59.

5. Gailiene, I. The main problems concerning safety, maintenance and reconstruction of level crossings in Lithuanian railway lines / I. Gailiene. M. Gedaminskas, I. Podagelis. // “Environmental Engineering”. Selected paper (19–20 May 2011) : proc. of the 8th Int. Conf. − Vilnius : Vilnius Gediminas Technical University. − 2011, P. 1077–1081.

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8. Savage, I. Does public education improve rail-highway crossing safety? / I. Savage // Accident Analysis and Prevention. − 2006. − Vol. 38. − № 2. − P. 310−316.

9. Seise, A. The effect of speed bumps on driving speeds at road-railway level crossings / A. Seise, V-P. Kallberg, A. Silla. The 11th Level Crossing Symposium. − Tokyo, 2010. − P. 8−17.

10. Silla, A. The development of railway safety in Finland / A. Silla, V-P Kallberg // Accident Analysis and Prevention. − 2012. − Vol 45. − P. 737−744. 11. Statistics of valid traffic accidents in Lithuania, 2006-2011. Vilnius : Lithuanian Road Administration under the Ministry of Transport and Communications, 2012. − 26 p.

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13. Spicer, Terry. Using Legislation as a Means of Improving Shared Responsibility at Railway Level Crossings / Terry Spicer // The Status of Level Crossing Safety Management Countermeasures : 11th World Level Crossing Symposium. − Tokyo, 2010. − P. 1−13.

14. The statistics of recorded traffic accidents in Lithuania, 2007-2010. Vilnius : Lithuanian Road Administration under the Ministry of Transportation, 2011. − 12 p.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/stp2013/9547

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