Urban railways as an object of redevelopment
Keywords:zoning, urban railways, station complexes, above-road space, transport construction
Purpose. Analysis of the global experience of above-road construction and reconstruction of station complexes; the study of opportunities capacity above-road space in major Ukrainian cities, analyzing the general plan of Dnepropetrovsk in order to identify optimal areas for the construction of transport multicomplexes. Methodology. The chart method, the methods of field observation, and graphic simulation method have been used for the researches. Findings. The analysis of the general plans of the major cities of Ukraine found out that the railway line passing through residential, industrial, recreational and other areas of the city occupies from 2% to 6% of its territory. Zoning of railways and adjacent areas in the city of Dnepropetrovsk has been done; identified six types of sites and determined the prospects for their use. Originality. On the example of one of the most promising station areas in Dnepropetrovsk we propose a conceptual design of the reconstruction of the central railway station area with above-road space building by multifunctional complexes of the total useful floor area of more than 1 million m2. Practical value. The areas occupied by railway infrastructure are significant reserves for construction, especially in the areas of high concentration of transport and human masses, where no area for traditional methods of building left. In addition, this approach solves a number of related problems, integrating in a single centre a large number of internal and external passenger and cargo flows.
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