### The method of the correlation and dispersion defining of the total power components in the electric transport devices

A. V. Nikitenko, M. O. Kostin

#### Abstract

Purpose. Development and theoretical ground of the analytical method for the calculation of the active, reactive and total powers in the electric traction devices, taking into consideration the non-stationary character of the stochastic processes change of the voltage and current in the elements of these systems. Methodology. The mathematical methods of the random processes theory and the “discrete electrical engineering” methods are used for solving the main problem of this paper. Findings. The Method of the Correlation and Dispersion is developed for definition of the active power, the reactive power by Fryse and the total power of the devices in the elements of the electric traction system of the main-line railways. The method is based on the well-known concepts of auto- and inter-correlation functions of the random processes which govern the feeder voltages and the currents in the traction power supply subsystem as well as the currents and voltages of the electric rolling stock. The method developed in this paper allows estimating the powers of both stationary and non-stationary processes. This method can be used for the analysis of both the traction mode and the regenerative braking mode of the electric rolling stock. The total power components were calculated for the one of the feeder areas of the Prydniprovsk railway using this method. The results show the significant flow of the reactive power in the traction power supply system. This fact is also confirmed by the high values of the reactive power coefficient. Originality. Scientific novelty of the research is consisted in the following. Firstly, for defining the active and reactive powers in elements of the traction power supply system the new method (the Method of Correlation and Dispersion) is created and grounded. This method is different from other existing methods because it takes into consideration the varying non-stationary character of the chance processes of the feeder and substation voltages and currents. Secondly, in the DC traction power supply system the large values of the exchange reactive power by Fryze were created for the first time. Practical value.The method and its technique allow calculating the main energy coefficients for the traction power systems such are the reactive power coefficient, the main and additional active power losses in the power circuit of the electric rolling stockand the traction power supply system.

#### Keywords

: power; method; stochastic process; voltage; current; correlation function; electric transport; dispersion

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/stp2013/9787

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