ISSUES OF ORGANIZING THE PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION ON US RAILWAYS

R. H. Korobiova

Abstract


Purpose. The paper focuses on a study of the US railway transport organization management during passenger transportation. Methodology. Studies were carried out on the basis of the analysis of literature sources and reporting data on passenger transportation in the USA. Findings. Negative trends in the work of the passenger complex of the Ukrainian railways are the slowdown in the volumes of transportation, the progressive aging of the rolling stock and the overall activity running at a loss for Ukrzaliznytsia. In this regard, the actual task for domestic rail transport is the implementation of industry reforms. Therefore, the paper presented the study of the experience of organizing the passenger transportation on US railways, whose peculiarity is the extremely high degree of competition between modes of transport. As a result of the conducted analysis for working conditions of the US and Ukrainian railways, the general conditions for the functioning of the railways in both countries connected with passenger transportation securing have been established. It was found that general condition for execution of railway passenger transportation for the United States and Ukraine is the subsidization of this activity and combined use of infrastructure for the freight and passengers’ transportations. In this connection, when developing approaches to reforming the passenger economy of Ukraine's railways, it is advisable to use the experience of the United States in assessing the social effectiveness of rail transport, the impact of passenger transportation on the conditions of freight trains handling, and combined use of railway infrastructure by freight and passenger companies. Originality. The author determined the general trends in the development of passenger railway transportation in the US and Ukraine. Practical value. The resulted methods of organizing the operation of the US railway passenger transportation complex can be adapted to solve problems in the development of passenger transportation on the Ukrainian railways.


Keywords


railway transport; passenger transportation; railway infrastructure

References


Barash, Y. S., & Korzhenevych, I. P. (2008). The role of railway transport of ukraine in ensuring a well-established development society. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport, 24, 201-206.

State Statistics Service of Ukraine. (2016). Cargo Transportation, 2016. Retrieved from http://ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2016/tr/vp/vp_u/vp1216_u.zip

Kozachenko, D. M., Papakhov, A. Y., & Lohvinova, N. O. (2014). Research shot coefficient under accelerated and high-speed passenger trains. Journal of the Ukrainian Academy of Customs, Issue Technical sciences, 2 (52), 110-116.

Kurgan, N. B., & Zayats, M. A. (2011). Optimizatsiya raboty puti pri pereraspredelenii gruzovykh i passazhirskikh potokov na seti zheleznykh dorog Ukrainy. Problemy proektirovaniya i stroitelstva zheleznykh dorog (pp. 27-38). Khabarovsk: Far Eastern State Transport University.

State Statistics Service of Ukraine. (2016). Passenger Transportation, 2016. Retrieved from http://ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2016/tr/pp/pp_u/pp1216_u.zip

Pro zaliznychnyi transport: Zakon Ukrainy 1996, number 273-96-vr (1996). Retrieved from http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/273/96-вр

Amtrak. (2016). Amtrak National Facts. Retrieved from https://www.amtrak.com/national-facts

Brock, T. J., & Souleyrette, R. R. (2013). An Overview of US Commuter Rail: Final report. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky, Kentucky Transportation Center. Retrieved from http://www.ktc.uky.edu/files/2013/10/Commuter-Rail-Report_FINAL-KTC_13_18_.pdf

Bureau of Transportation Statistics. (n.d.). National Transportation Statistics: U.S. Passenger-Miles. Retrieved from https://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.b/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_40.html

Bureau of Transportation Statistics. (2011). National Transportation Statistics: U.S. Ton-Miles of Freight. Retrieved from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_50.html

Harrod, S. (2012). A tutorial on fundamental model structures for railway timetable optimization. Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science, 17(2), 85-96. doi: 10.1016/j.sorms.2012.08.002

Johnson B. E. (2012). American intercity passenger rail must be truly high-speed and transit-oriented. Journal of Transport Geography, 22, 295-296. doi:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.01.018

Lane B. W. (2012). On the utility and challenges of high-speed rail in the United States. Journal of Transport Geography, 22, 282-284. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.01.030

Tang, H., Dick, C. T., Caughron, B. M., Feng, X., Wang, Q., & Barkan, C. P. L. (2016). Model for optimal selection of projects to improve running time and operating cost efficiency on passenger rail corridors. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2546, 33-42. doi: 10.3141/2546-05

Mosher, W. W. (1963). A Capacity Restraint Algorithm for Assigning Flow to a Transportation Network. In Traffic assignment, Serial Highway Research Record, 6 (pp. 41-70). Highway Research Board.

Mu, S., & Dessouky, M. (2013). Efficient dispatching rules on double tracks with heterogeneous train traffic. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 51, 45-64. doi: 10.1016/j.trb.2013.02.004

O'Dea, W. P. (1991). The role of the passenger train in the United States: A cost comparison of the common carriers. Transportation Research Part A: General, 25(6), 429-442. doi: 10.1016/0191-2607(91)90020-q

Petersen, E. R. (1974). Over-the-Road Transit Time for a Single Track Railway. Transportation Science, 8 (1), 65-76. doi: 10.1287/trsc.8.1.65

Plant, J., Johnston, V. R., & Ciocirlan, C. E. (2007). Handbook of Transportation Policy and Administration (Public Administration and Public Policy). CRC Press.

Pouryousef, H., & Lautala, P. (2015). Hybrid simulation approach for improving railway capacity and train schedules. Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management, 5(4), 211-224. doi: 10.1016/j.jrtpm.2015.10.001

Pouryousef, H., Lautala, P., & White, T. (2015). Railroad capacity tools and methodologies in the U.S. and Europe. Journal of Modern Transportation, 23(1), 30-42. doi: 10.1007/s40534-015-0069-z

Resor, R. R., & Hickey, T. R. (2005). Shared-Use Corridors: Survey of Current Practice and Recommendations for the Future. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1930, 38-43. doi: 10.3141/1930-05

Shih, M.-C., Dick, C. T., & Barkan, P. L. C. (2015). Impact of Passenger Train Capacity and Level of Service on Shared Rail Corridors with Multiple Types of Freight Trains. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2475, 63-71. doi: 10.3141/2475-08

Sogin, S., Barkan, C. P. L. Saat, M. R. (2011). Simulating the effects of higher speed passenger trains in single track freight networks. Proceedings of the 2011 Winter Simulation Conference, Dec. 11-14, 3684-3692. doi: 10.1109/WSC.2011.6148061

Dick, C. T., Sehgal, L., Ruppert Jr., C. J., & Gujaran, S. (2016). Superelevation Optimization for Mixed Freight and Higher-Speed Passenger Trains. Proceedings of the American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association Annual Conference, Orlando, FL, August 28-31. Retrieved from http://railtec.illinois.edu/articles/Files/Conference%20Proceedings/2016/Dick-et-al-2016-AREMA.pdf

Levinson, D., Mathieu, J. M., Gillen, D., & Kanafani, A. (1997). The full cost of high-speed rail: an engineering approach. The Annals of Regional Science, 31(2), 189-215. doi: 10.1007/s001680050045

Association of American Railroads. (n.d.). Types of railroads. Retrieved from https://www.aar.org/todays-railroads/our-network?t=typesofrailroads

Vranich, J., Hudgins, E. L. (2001). Help Passenger Rail by Privatizing Amtrak: Policy analysis. Washington: Cato Institute. Retrieved from https://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/pubs/pdf/pa419.pdf


GOST Style Citations


  1. Бараш, Ю. С. Роль залізничного транспорту України в забезпеченні сталого розвитку суспільства / Ю. С. Бараш, І. П. Корженевич // Вісн. Дніпропетр. нац. ун-ту залізн. трансп. – Дніпропетровськ, 2008. – Вип. 24. – С. 201–206.
  2. Вантажні перевезення у 2016 році [Электронный ресурс] / Державна служба статистики України. – Режим доступа: http://ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2016/tr/vp/vp_u/vp1216_u.zip. – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено : 31.03.2017.
  3. Козаченко, Д. М. Дослідження коефіцієнтів зйому в умовах прискореного та швидкісного руху пасажирських поїздів / Д. М. Козаченко, О. Ю. Папахов, Н. О. Логвінова // Вісн. Акад. митної служби України. Серія: Технічні науки. – 2014. – № 2 (52). – C. 110–116.
  4. Курган, Н. Б. Оптимизация работы пути при перераспределении грузовых и пассажирских потоков на сети железных дорог Украины / Н. Б. Курган, М. А. Заяц // Проблемы проектирования и строительства железных дорог : межвуз. сб. науч. тр. / Дальневост. гос. ун-т путей сообщения. – Хабаровск, 2011. – С. 27–38.
  5. Пасажирські перевезення у 2016 році [Электронный ресурс] / Державна служба статистики України. – Режим доступа: http://ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2016/tr/pp/pp_u/pp1216_u.zip. – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено : 31.03.2017.
  6. Про залізничний транспорт [Электронный ресурс] : Закон України від 04.07.96 р. № 274/96-ВР. – Режим доступа: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/273/96-вр. – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено : 31.03.2017.
  7. Amtrak National Facts [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа: https://www.amtrak.com/national-facts. – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено :10.01.2017.
  8. Brock, T. J. An Overview of US Commuter Rail [Электронный ресурс] / T. J. Brock, R. R. Souleyrette. – 2013. – Режим доступа: http://www.ktc.uky.edu/files/2013/10/Commuter-Rail-Report_FINAL-KTC_13_18_.pdf. – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено : 31.03.2017.
  9. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics; «Table 1-40: U.S. Passenger-Miles (Millions)» [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа: https://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/
    rita.dot.gov.b/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_40.html. – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено : 10.01.2017.
  10. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. National Transportation Statistics; «Table 1-50: U.S. Ton-Miles of Freight» [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа: http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/
    rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_50.html. – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено : 31.03.2017.
  11. Harrod, S. A tutorial on fundamental model structures for railway timetable optimization / S. Harrod // Surveys in Operations Research and Management Science. – 2012. – Vol. 17, № 2. – P. 85–96. doi: 10.1016/j.sorms.2012.08.002.
  12. Johnson, B. E. American intercity passenger rail must be truly high-speed and transit-oriented / B. E. Johnson // Journal of Transport Geography. – 2012. – Vol. 22. – Р. 295–296. doi:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.01.018.
  13. Lane, B. W. On the utility and challenges of high-speed rail in the United States / B. W. Lane // Journal of Transport Geography. – 2012. – Vol. 22. – Р. 282–284. doi:10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.01.030.
  14. Model for optimal selection of projects to improve running time and operating cost efficiency on passenger rail corridors / H. Tang, C. T. Dick, B. M. Caughron, X. Feng, Q. Wang, C. P. L. Barkan. // Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. – 2016. – № 2546. – P. 33–42. doi: 10.3141/2546-05.
  15. Mosher, W. W. A Capacity Restraint Algorithm for Assigning Flow to a Transportation Network / W. W. Mosher // Hihway Research Record. – 1963. – Vol. 6. – Р. 78.
  16. Mu, S. Efficient dispatching rules on double tracks with heterogeneous train traffic / S. Mu, M. Dessouky // Transportation Research. Part B: Methodological. – 2013. – Vol. 51. – Р. 45–64. doi: 10.1016/j.trb.2013.02.004.
  17. O'Dea, W. P. The role of the passenger train in the United States: A cost comparison of the common carriers / W. P. O'Dea // Transportation Research. Part A: General. – 1991. – Vol. 25. – Iss. 6. – P. 429–442. doi: 10.1016/0191-2607(91)90020-q.
  18. Petersen, E. R. Over-the-Road Transit Time for a Single Track Railway / E. R. Petersen // Transportation Science. – 1974. – Vol. 6. – P. 65–76.
  19. Plant, J. Handbook of Transportation Policy and Administration (Public Administration and Public Policy) / J. F. Plant, V. R. Johnston, C. E. Ciocirlan. – Boca Raton : CRC Press, 2007. – 656 p.
  20. Pouryousef, H. Hybrid simulation approach for improving railway capacity and train schedules / H. Pouryousef, P. Lautala // Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management. – 2015. – Vol. 5. – Iss. 4. – P. 211–224. doi: 10.1016/j.jrtpm.2015.10.001.
  21. Pouryousef, H. Railroad capacity tools and methodologies in the U.S. and Europe / H. Pouryousef, P. Lautala, T. White // Journal of Modern Transportation March. – 2015. – Vol. 23. – Iss. 1.– P. 30–42.
  22. Resor, R. R. Shared-Use Corridors: Survey of Current Practice and Recommendations for the Future / R. R. Resor, T. R. Hickey // Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. – 2005. – № 1930. – P. 38–43. doi: 10.3141/1930-05.
  23. Shih, M.-C. Impact of Passenger Train Capacity and Level of Service on Shared Rail Corridors with Multiple Types of Freight Trains / M.-C. Shih, C. T. Dick, C. P. L. Barkan // Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. – 2015. – № 2475. – P. 63–71. doi: 10.3141/2475-08.
  24. Sogin, S. Simulating the effects of higher speed passenger trains in single track freight networks / S. Sogin, C. P. L. Barkan, Mohd Rapik Saat // Proc. of the 2011 Winter Simulation Conf. – Phoenix, AZ, United States, 2011. – P. 3684–3692. doi: 10.1109/WSC.2011.6148061.
  25. Superelevation Optimization for Mixed Freight and Higher-Speed Passenger Trains [Электронный ресурс] / C. T. Dick, L. Sehgal, C. J. Ruppert Jr., S. Gujaran // Proc. of the American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association Annual Conf. – Orlando, FL, 2016. – Режим доступа: http://railtec.illinois.edu/articles/Files/Conference%20Proceedings/2016/Dick-et-al-2016-AREMA.pdf. – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено : 31.03.2017.
  26. The full cost of high-speed rail: an engineering approach / D. Levinson, J. M. Mathieu, D. Gillen, A. Kanafani // The Annals of Regional Science. – 1997. – Vol. 31. – Iss. 2. – P. 189–215.
  27. Types of Railroads [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа: https://www.aar.org/todays-railroads/our-network?t=typesofrailroads – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено :10.01.2017.
  28. Vranich, J. Help Passenger Rail by Privatizing Amtrak [Электронный ресурс] / J. Vranich, E. L. Hudgins ; Cato Institute. – 2001. – Режим доступа: https://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/pubs/pdf/pa419.pdf. – Загл. с экрана. – Проверено : 31.03.2017.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15802/stp2017/99986

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

ISSN 2307–3489 (Print)
ІSSN 2307–6666 (Online)